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Word of the Day

Tuesday, March 24, 2020

longevous

[ lon-jee-vuhs, lawn- ]

adjective 365体育投注网站

Archaic.

long-lived; living to a great age.

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What is the origin of longevous?

The adjective longevous is much less common than its derivative noun longevity. Longevous derives from the Latin adjective longaevus “of great age, ancient,” a compound of the adjective longus “long” and the noun aevum “time, the past, the ages.” Longevity comes from Late Latin longaevitās (stem longaevitāt-) “long life, longevity,” formed from longus and the noun aevitās (also aetās) “age, one’s age,” a derivative of aevum. Longevous entered English in the mid-17th century (and longevity in the second half of the 16th century).

how is longevous used?

a vast majority of these extremely longevous 365体育投注网站folk were of a placid temperament, not given to worry.

Raymond Pearl, "The Search for Longevity," The Scientific Monthly, Vol. 46, May 1938  

It’s hard to remember a longevous365体育投注网站 rock band that left on such a high note as these women did in 2006.

Chris Riemenschneider, "Sleater-Kinney returns to a city full of love," Star Tribune, February 15, 2015

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Monday, March 23, 2020

schlep

[ shlep ]

verb (used with object) 365体育投注网站

to carry; lug: to schlep an umbrella on a sunny day.

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What is the origin of schlep?

The slang term schlep “to lug, carry” is used mostly in the United States. Schlep is from the Yiddish verb shlepn “to pull, drag” (German schleppen “to draw, tug, haul”). The derivative noun schlepper, “one who schleps,” appears slightly earlier than the verb. Schlepper entered English toward the end of the 19th century; schlep365体育投注网站 appeared in the early 20th.

how is schlep used?

She had drawn notice as the doctor who would help mechanics schlep gear, fetch coffee and even massage the overworked massage therapists.

Nancy Lofholm, "Crested Butte surgeon scores top spot at Sochi Olympics," Denver Post, January 11, 2014

After a bit of trial and error, you’ll find car-free travel is a liberating choice that forces you to schlep considerably less.

Lauren Matison, "How to Travel Car-Free With a Family," New York Times, December 4, 2019

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Sunday, March 22, 2020

hypermnesia

[ hahy-perm-nee-zhuh ]

noun

365体育投注网站the condition of having an unusually vivid or precise memory.

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What is the origin of hypermnesia?

Hypermnesia, a medical or psychological term meaning “the condition of having an unusually vivid or precise memory,” is composed of the familiar prefix hyper-, which usually implies excess or exaggeration, the Greek noun mnêsis “memory,” and the Greek abstract noun suffix –ia. Hypermnesia365体育投注网站 entered English in the late 19th century.

how is hypermnesia used?

Psychologists have investigated some persons with exceptional memories – said to exhibit “hypermnesia”. The most famous of these was a Russian, code-named “S”, who could recall long random series of numbers or words without error, many years later.

Alun Rees, "If only I could remember her name," New Scientist, December 24, 1994

This sharpened memory is called hypermnesia. A frequent experience in dreaming is a hypermnesia365体育投注网站 with regard to childhood scenes.

Frederick Peterson, "The New Divination of Dreams," Harper's Magazine, Vol. 115, June 1907

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Saturday, March 21, 2020

bromide

[ broh-mahyd ]

noun 365体育投注网站

365体育投注网站a platitude or trite saying.

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What is the origin of bromide?

The original meaning of bromide was “a chemical compound of two elements: bromine and a second element, such as potassium or sodium.” Potassium bromide and sodium bromide are used in medicine as sedatives and anticonvulsants. The extended use of bromide, “platitude or trite saying” (from its sedative effect), was originally an Americanism, first appearing in print in the early 20th century. Bromide365体育投注网站 entered English in the first half of the 19th century.

how is bromide used?

the work is its own reward. That may sound like just another bromide365体育投注网站, but Gilbert’s love of creativity is infectious ….

Jennifer Reese, "'Big Magic': Elizabeth Gilbert's advice on how you, too, can eat, pray, love," Washington Post, September 17, 2015

I’m intrigued by the way in which his political success … contradicts bromides about the importance, professionally, of making friends and using honey instead of vinegar.

Frank Bruni, "'Nobody Likes' Bernie Sanders. It Doesn't Matter," New York Times, February 26, 2020

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Friday, March 20, 2020

stir-crazy

[ stur-krey-zee ]

adjective

Slang.

restless or frantic because of confinement, routine, etc.: I was stir-crazy after just two months of keeping house.

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What is the origin of stir-crazy?

Feeling a little stir-crazy? Unpleasant though it may be, the restlessness that this familiar term calls to mind today is a far cry from the state of literal imprisonment it named upon entering English. A 1908 dictionary of unsavory terms called Criminal Slang defined stir-crazy (noun) as “a man whose mind has become affected by serving long sentences.” By the mid-1900s, stir-crazy was being used as an adjective to mean “mentally ill because of long imprisonment.” The stir in stir-crazy does not suggest movement or agitation, as one might presume based the verb stir to move around briskly” or “to be emotionally affected”; here, stir is a slang term for prison. The origin of stir is uncertain, but some sources suggest it as a shortening of the Romani noun sturiben “prison” or verb staripen “to imprison”; others connect it to the Start, a nickname for the Newgate prison in London, which later broadened to mean prison more generally.

how is stir-crazy used?

By now, let’s hope you’re safely ensconced at home—going a little stir-crazy, perhaps, but doing your part to “flatten the curve.”

Gregory Barber, "How Long Does the Coronavirus Last on Surfaces," Wired, March 14, 2020

You may be trying to work from home with your stir-crazy children, and all your previous rules about screen time may need to get tossed.

Jessica Grose, "Parents Need Stress Relief, Too," New York Times, March 18, 2020

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Thursday, March 19, 2020

primaveral

[ prahy-muh-veer-uhl ]

adjective

of, in, or pertaining to the early springtime.

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What is the origin of primaveral?

The adjective primaveral is a derivative of the noun primavera “spring (the season),” found in just about all the Romance languages: Italian (end of the 12th century), Catalan (13th century), Spanish (14th century), and Portuguese (16th century); even Romanian has primăvară. The Romance forms ultimately derive from the Latin neuter plural adjective and noun phrase prīma vēra, literally “first springs.” It is common for Latin neuter plural nouns to become feminine singulars in Romance, e.g., Latin gaudia “delights, joys,” becoming singular joie in French and gioia in Italian. Primaveral entered English in the 19th century.

how is primaveral used?

Crocuses planted in clusters or in thick rows, or scattered on banks, have a brilliant effect in the sunshine of a bright primaveral day.

Thomas Ignatius M. Forster, Circle of the Seasons, and Perpetual Key to the Calendar and Almanack, 1828

It is the urge of Spring—the primaveral force that inspires the young and mocks the aged.

Leon Gellert, "The Joys of Gardening," Sydney Morning Herald, October 1, 1950

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Wednesday, March 18, 2020

lunker

[ luhng-ker ]

noun 365体育投注网站

something unusually large for its kind.

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What is the origin of lunker?

The noun lunker has two meanings: something large and unruly, and a large game fish, especially a bass. It was originally an Americanism, and its etymology is obscure: lunk, lunkhead, and clunker have all been suggested. Lunker entered English in the second half of the 19th century.

how is lunker used?

Do black holes, such as the lunker365体育投注网站 in our own Milky Way Galaxy … drive the evolution of galaxies around them; or do galaxies naturally nurture the gravitational gobblers at their centers … ?

John Matson, "Hole's on First?: New Evidence Shows Black Hole Growth Preceding Galactic Formation," Scientific American, January 9, 2011

As sure as I’m standing here, ten pounds; what a little lunker for a first baby.

Gary Paulsen, The Quilt, 2004

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