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Word of the Day

Tuesday, March 17, 2020

greenth

[ greenth ]

noun

green growth; verdure.

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What is the origin of greenth?

Greenth, “green growth,” was coined by the English author and politician Horace Walpole, who also coined blueth and gloomth. Greenth, blueth, and gloomth all entered English simultaneously in the mid-18th century.

how is greenth used?

I found my garden brown and bare, but these rains have recovered the greenth.

Henry Walpole to George Montagu, August 16, 1753, The Letters of Horace Walpole, Vol. 2, 1842

Imagine a rambling, patchy house … the mellow darkness of its conical roof surmounted by a weather-cock making an agreeable object either amidst the gleams and greenth365体育投注网站 of summer or the low-hanging clouds and snowy branches of winter …

George Eliot, Daniel Deronda, 1876

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Monday, March 16, 2020

muzz

[ muhz ]

verb (used with object)

365体育投注网站to confuse (someone); make (someone) muzzy.

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What is the origin of muzz?

It is only fitting that the etymology of the verb muzz “to confuse,” is itself obscure. Most authorities connect muzz with the adjective muzzy “confused, lazy, mentally dull,” but muzzy itself has no reliable etymology. Other authorities connect muzz with the verb muse “to think or meditate in silence.” Muzz365体育投注网站 entered English in the 18th century.

how is muzz used?

I must have sufficiently muzzed you with my singular critique upon poor, injured, honest John.

Mary Morgan, A Tour to Milford Haven, 1795

With a very heavy cold on me, which muzzed365体育投注网站 my head, and a mass of work by day … I have been very far from comfortable.

Henry Bradshaw, A Memoir of Henry Bradshaw by George Walter Prothero, 1888

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Sunday, March 15, 2020

scordatura

[ skawr-duh-toor-uh; Italian skawr-dah-too-rah ]

noun,

Music.

the tuning of a stringed instrument in other than the usual way to facilitate the playing of certain compositions.

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What is the origin of scordatura?

The musical term scordatura comes, as many musical terms do, from Italian. In English and Italian, scordatura is the tuning of a stringed instrument in an unusual way to facilitate the playing of certain compositions. Italian scordatura is a derivative of scordato “out of tune,” past participle of the verb scordare “to be out of tune.” Scordare is a somewhat reduced form of Latin discordāre “to be at variance, quarrel, disagree,” formed from the prefix dis- “apart, asunder” and cord-, the stem of the noun cor “heart.” Scordatura entered English in the second half of the 19th century.

how is scordatura used?

The alternative tuning, known as scordatura, is not some minor technical detail. Each new configuration is a secret key to an invisible door, unlocking a different set of chordal possibilities on the instrument, opening up alternative worlds of resonance and vibration.

Jeremy Eichler, "Reciting a Rosary, but in Sonata Form," New York Times, November 14, 2004

Scordatura in some violin concertos provides additional evidence for Vivaldi’s tendency to extend the advantages of playing on open strings to additional keys.

Bella Brover-Lubovsky, Tonal Space in the Music of Antonio Vivaldi, 2008

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Saturday, March 14, 2020

à la mode

[ ah luh mohd, al-uh-; French a la mawd ]

adjective 365体育投注网站

(of pie or other dessert) served with a portion of ice cream, often as a topping: apple pie à la mode.

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What is the origin of à la mode?

In French the phrase à la mode “in the current fashion” is a shortening of à la mode de “in the style of (X),” a meaning extant in U.S. English. But to most Americans à la mode means a dessert, typically a wedge of pie, topped with ice cream, a meaning that has been current in U.S. English since the early 1890s but not in British English. À la mode entered English in the 17th century.

how is à la mode used?

If your server mentions apple-and-caramel pie a la mode, don’t hesitate.

Tom Snyder, The Two-Lane Gourmet, 2007

You can find a hotel, convenience store, and pay-per-use showers there; more important, though, you can find blueberry pie a la mode.

Rebecca Flint Marx, "10 Pies to Eat on a Cross-Country Road Trip from New York to San Francisco," Bon Appétit, June 12, 2013

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Friday, March 13, 2020

hobgoblin

[ hob-gob-lin ]

noun

something causing superstitious fear; a bogy.

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What is the origin of hobgoblin?

Hobgoblin is a compound of the nouns hob and goblin. Hob (also Hobbe), a pet form or nickname of Robin or Robert, was used as early as the 15th century as a shortened form of Robin Goodfellow, a.k.a. Puck (as in Shakespeare’s A Midsummer Night’s Dream) and a.k.a. Hobgoblin (i.e., the common noun used as a personal name). Goblin comes from Middle English gobelin goblin, gobolin “a devil, incubus, fairy,” from Middle French gobellin. Further etymology is uncertain and speculative: The French forms may come from Medieval Latin gobelīnus, from an unrecorded Late Latin gobalus, cabalus “domestic sprite,” from Greek kóbalos “malicious knave, mischievous genie.” The Latin suffix –īnus and French suffix –in complete the word. Hobgoblin entered English in the first half of the 16th century.

how is hobgoblin used?

A foolish consistency is the hobgoblin365体育投注网站 of little minds, adored by little statesmen and philosophers and divines.

Ralph Waldo Emerson, "Self-Reliance," Essays, 1841

The enemy was very real, literally an existential foe … not just the hobgoblin365体育投注网站 of alleged McCarthyite paranoia.

Jonah Goldberg, "How Politics Destroyed a Great TV Show," Commentary, October 2009

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Thursday, March 12, 2020

punctilio

[ puhngk-til-ee-oh ]

noun

a fine point, particular, or detail, as of conduct, ceremony, or procedure.

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What is the origin of punctilio?

The English noun punctilio comes via Italian puntiglio “minor point (of detail or behavior),” from Spanish puntillo “a dot, minute point, point of honor” a diminutive of punto “point, spot, dot.” The Spanish and Italian noun punto comes from Latin punctum “small hole, puncture,” a noun use of the past participle punctus from the verb pungere “to pierce, prick, sting (of insects).” The c in Latin punctum is the source of c in English punctilio. Punctilio entered English in the late 16th century.

how is punctilio used?

I omitted not the least punctilio, and was surprised that in these matters I should know without ever having learned. I arranged all my papers, and regulated all my affairs, without the least assistance from any one.

Lydia Maria Francis Child, The Biographies of Lady Russell, and Madame Guyon, 1832

This version of the dance gets a shortened title, “Errand” — a punctilio that the deviations from the original seem too minor to justify.

Brian Seibert, "After the Flood, Drying Off the Classics and Letting Them Fly," New York Times, February 26, 2013

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Wednesday, March 11, 2020

stownlins

[ stoun-linz ]

adverb 365体育投注网站

Scot.

secretly; stealthily.

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What is the origin of stownlins?

Scots English has many interesting words, and stownlins is one of them. Stownlins is an adverb meaning “secretly, stealthily.” Stownlins is formed from stown, Scots for English stolen, and the compound adverb suffix -lins, formed from the now rare and dialectal suffix -ling and the adverb suffix -s (as in English always, unawares). Stownlins365体育投注网站 appears in print in 1786 in a poem by Robert Burns, which guarantees its immortality.

how is stownlins used?

But she my fairest faithfu’ lass / And stownlins we sall meet again.

Robert Burns, "I'll ay ca' in by yon Town," The Scots Musical Museum, Vol. 5, song 458, 1797

An’ stownlins365体育投注网站 I tak o’ her charms a survey, / For my courage aye fails when to speak to’r I try.

David Anderson, Poems, Chiefly in the Scottish Dialect, 1826

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